A Chronology of South Georgia

This is an extract from A Chronology of Antarctic Exploration, by Robert Headland.

This extract is copyright, but is made available for private and academic use by the author. The full citation is:

HEADLAND, Robert Keith 2009.
A Chronology of Antarctic Exploration.
London: Bernard Quaritch
ISBN 978-0-9550852-8-4
1501-02 Portuguese voyage (from Lisboa) 1618-19 Spanish expedition (from Lisboa) 1674-75 English mercantile voyage (from Lima for England) 1699-1700 English naval expedition (from London) 1756 Spanish mercantile voyage (from Callao for Cádiz) 1762 Spanish voyage (from Lima for Cádiz) 1769 Spanish voyage 1772-75 British naval expedition 1774 Spanish voyage 1777 South Georgia 1779 British (?) voyage 1786-88 British sealing voyage (from London) 1787-88 British sealing voyage (from London) 1787-88 British sealing and whaling voyage (from London) 1788 British sealing voyage (from London) 1788-89 British sealing and whaling voyage (from London) 1789-90 British sealing and whaling voyage (from London) 1789-94 Spanish naval expedition (from Cádiz) 1790 Spanish voyages (from Montevideo) 1790-91 British sealing and whaling voyage (from London) 1790-92 British sealing and whaling voyages (from London) 1791-92 British sealing voyage (from London) 1792-93 British sealing voyage (from London) 1792-95 United States sealing voyage (from New Haven) 1793-94 British sealing voyages (from London) 1794-95 British sealing voyage (from London) 1795-96 British sealing voyages (from London) 1798-99 British sealing voyages (from London) 1799 United States sealing voyage (from New York) 1799-1800 British sealing voyages (from London) 1799-1800 United States whaling and sealing voyage (from Nantucket) 1799-1801 United States sealing voyages (from Nantucket) 1799-1801 British sealing voyage (from London) 1799-1801 United States whaling and sealing voyages (from Nantucket) 1799-1801 United States whaling and sealing voyage (from New Bedford) 1799-1802 United States whaling and sealing voyage (from Salem) 1799-1802 United States sealing voyages (from Nantucket) 1799-1802 French sealing voyage (from Bordeaux) 1800 British sealing voyage (from London) 1800-01 British sealing voyages (from London) 1800-02 United States sealing voyage (from New York) 1800-03 United States sealing voyage (from New Haven) 1801-02 British sealing voyage (from London) 1801-02 British sealing voyages (from London) 1801-02 Cape Colony sealing voyage (from Cape Town) 1801-02 British sealing voyages (from London) 1801-03 United States sealing voyage (from Nantucket) 1802 United States sealing voyage (from New York) 1802-06 United States sealing voyage (from New Haven) 1808-09 British whaling and sealing voyage (from London) 1813-14 British whaling and sealing voyage (from London) 1814-15 British whaling and sealing voyages (from London) 1815-16 British whaling and sealing voyages (from London) 1815-17 British sealing voyage (from London) 1816-18 British whaling and sealing voyage (from London) 1817-18 British sealing voyage (from London) 1817-18 British sealing voyage (from London) 1817-20 United States sealing voyage (from Boston) 1818-19 British sealing voyages (from London) 1818-19 British sealing voyage (from London) 1818-20 British sealing voyage (from London) 1819-20 British sealing voyages (from London) 1819-20 British sealing voyage (from London) 1819-20 United States whaling and sealing voyage (from New Bedford) 1819-20 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1819-21 Russian naval expedition (from Kronstadt) 1820-21 British sealing voyage (from Liverpool) 1820-21 British sealing voyage (from London) 1821-22 British sealing voyage (from Liverpool) 1821-22 British sealing voyage (from Leith) 1821-22 British sealing voyage (from Liverpool) 1821-22 British sealing voyage (from London) 1821-22 British sealing voyage (from London) 1822-23 United States sealing voyage (from New York) 1822-24 British sealing and exploratory expedition (from Leith) 1822-24 United States sealing voyage (from New York) 1823 British sealing voyage (from Liverpool) 1824-26 United States sealing voyage (from New York) 1828-29 British sealing voyage (from London) 1829-31 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1830-33 British expedition (from London) 1838-39 United States sealing voyages (from New York) 1844-47 Joseph Dalton Hooker (Britain) 1846 British voyage (from London) 1855 British voyage 1856 British mercantile voyage (from Australia for Britain) 1857-58 United States whaling voyage (from Sag Harbor) 1865 British voyage (from New Zealand for London) 1869 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1870-71 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1870-71 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1870-71 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1874 Transit of Venus 1874-75 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1874-75 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1874-75 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1874-75 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1875-76 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1875-76 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1875-76 United States whaling and sealing voyages (from New London) 1876-77 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1876-77 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1876-77 United States sealing voyages (from New London) 1877-78 United States sealing voyages (from New London) 1877-78 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1878-79 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1880-81 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1880-82 United States whaling and sealing voyage (from New London) 1882-83 International Polar Year (first) 1882-83 German International Polar Year Expedition 1882-83 United States sealing voyage (from New York) 1882-84 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1885-86 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1886-87 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1887-89 United States sealing voyage (from New London) 1889-91 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1891-92 United States sealing voyage (from Stonington) 1892 British mercantile voyage (from Iquique for Hamburg) 1893-94 Norwegian sealing and whaling exploration (from Sandefjord) 1894-95 Canadian sealing voyage (from Nova Scotia) 1896 British naval voyage 1900 South Georgia 1901-02 Canadian sealing voyages (from Halifax, Nova Scotia) 1901-03 Swedish South Polar Expedition (from Göteborg) 1904 Compañia Argentina de Pesca 1904 Norwegian and Argentine whaling enterprise (from Sandefjord) 1905 British and Chilean pastoral enterprise (from Punta Arenas) 1905 Argentine voyage (from Buenos Aires) 1905-06 Canadian sealing voyages (from Nova Scotia) 1906 South Georgia 1906 Norwegian whaling voyage (from Tønsberg) 1906 Norwegian fisheries expedition (from Grytviken) 1906 British naval voyage 1907 South Georgia 1907 South Georgia 1907-08 Canadian sealing voyage (from Lunenberg, Nova Scotia) 1907-08 Norwegian whaling enterprise (from Tønsberg) 1907-08 Norwegian whaling enterprise (from Sandefjord) 1907-09 Swedish Magellan Expedition 1908 Falkland Islands Dependencies 1908 Norwegian whaling enterprise (from Sandefjord) 1908 British whaling enterprise (from Leith) 1908 Norwegian expedition (from South Georgia) 1908-09 United States sealing voyage (from New Bedford) 1909 British whaling reconnaissance (from New Island, Falkland Islands) 1909 British whaling enterprise (from Leith) 1909 Norwegian whaling enterprise (from Larvik) 1909 Argentine expedition 1909-14 South Georgia 1910 South Georgia 1910 South Georgia 1910 Argentine expedition 1910-11 Canadian sealing voyages (from Nova Scotia) 1911 South Georgia 1911 Argentine expedition 1911-12 South Georgia 1911-12 British and South African whaling enterprise (from Durban) 1911-12 German South Polar Expedition 1911-12 Norwegian whaling voyage 1911-12 Norwegian whaling voyage (from South Georgia) 1912 British mineralogical expedition 1912 South Georgia 1912 Falkland Islands Dependencies 1912 Falkland Islands Government 1912 Argentine expedition 1912-13 United States sealing and whaling voyage (from New Bedford) 1913 South Georgia 1913 South Georgia 1913 Argentine expedition 1913 Falkland Islands Government 1913-14 South Georgia 1913-14 South Georgia 1914 South Georgia 1914 Argentine expedition 1914-16 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-27 South Georgia 1915-16 United States voyage (from and to Lyttelton) 1916 Norwegian whaling voyages 1916 British whaling enterprise 1916 Argentine mercantile voyage (from Buenos Aires) 1916 British naval voyage 1916 Norwegian [first] relief expedition (from South Georgia) 1916 Argentine expedition 1917 South Georgia 1917 Argentine expedition 1919 Argentine expedition 1919 South African prospecting expedition (from Cape Town) 1920 British naval voyage 1920-21 South Orkney Islands 1920-21 Norwegian whaling enterprise (from South Georgia) 1921 British whaling voyage (from Prince Olav Harbour for Cape Town) 1921 British naval voyage 1921-22 Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition (Britain) 1922 Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton 1922 South Georgia 1923 'Discovery Expeditions' 1923 Argentine expedition 1923-24 Pierre Idrac 1924 Falkland Islands Ordinance 1924 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government mail service (from Port Stanley) 1924 Argentine expedition 1925 Discovery Committee's (Britain) 1925 South Georgia 1925 Norwegian whaling voyage (from Prince Olav Harbour for Cape Town) 1925 Norwegian sealing voyage (from Grytviken) 1925 Argentine Government 1925 Argentine expedition 1925-26 Norwegian whaling voyage (from Larvik) 1925-27 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1925-27 German Atlantic Expedition 1926 Argentine expedition 1926-27 Norwegian whaling voyage 1926-27 Norwegian whaling expedition 1926-27 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1927 South Georgia 1927 Icebergs 1927 Argentine expedition 1927 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government mail service (from Port Stanley) 1927 Norwegian whaling voyage (from South Georgia) 1927-28 Norwegian (Christensen) Antarctic expedition 1927-28 Norwegian whaling voyage 1927-30 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1928 Argentine expedition 1928 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government mail service (from Port Stanley) 1928-29 German and Norwegian expedition 1928-30 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1928-41 South Georgia 1929 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government mail service 1929 Norwegian whaling voyage (from Prince Olav Harbour) 1929-30 Alberto Carcelles (Argentina) 1929-31 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1930 South Georgia 1930-32 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1931 Argentine expedition 1931 Argentine expedition 1931-32 Whaling and sealing industry 1931-33 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1932 South Georgia 1932 British naval voyage 1932 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government mail service (from Port Stanley) 1932 Norwegian whaling voyage 1932-33 Second International Polar Year 1933 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government mail service (from Port Stanley) 1933-35 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1934 Norwegian whaling voyage (from Leith) 1934-37 British Graham Land Expedition 1935 South Sandwich Islands 1935-37 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1936 British whaling voyage (from Leith) 1937 British naval voyage 1937-38 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1938 British naval voyage 1941 British naval operation 1942 Argentine expedition 1942-51 South Georgia 1943-44 British naval expedition ('Operation Tabarin' [I]) 1944 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government 1945-46 Antarctic whaling industry 1946 South Georgia 1946-47 British expedition 1946-47 Netherlands whaling voyage 1947-48 British naval voyage 1948 Soviet Union whaling voyage 1948 Argentine Government Decree 1948-49 British naval voyage 1948-49 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1949 British naval voyage 1949-50 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1949-50 Soviet Union whaling voyage 1950 Falkland Islands and Dependencies Meteorological Service 1950 British Directorate of Colonial Surveys 1950 Argentine whaling voyage (from Buenos Aires) 1950 British naval voyage 1950-51 Discovery Expeditions (Britain) 1950-51 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1951 Norwegian sealing voyage (from Grytviken) 1951-52 South Georgia 1951-52 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1951-52 South Georgia Survey [I] (Britain) 1951-54 South Georgia 1952 Argentine naval voyage 1952 British naval voyage 1952-53 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1952-53 Norwegian whaling voyage 1953 Criminal law case 1953 South Georgia 1953 British naval voyage 1953 International whale-marking expedition 1953-54 British naval voyage 1953-54 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1953-54 South Georgia Survey [II] 1954 South Georgia 1954-55 Argentine expedition 1954-55 British naval voyage 1954-55 British South Georgia Expedition 1954-55 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1954-57 South Georgia 1955 South Georgia 1955 Antarctic Place-names Committee (Britain) 1955-56 Argentine expedition 1955-56 British naval voyage 1955-56 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1955-56 Royal Society International Geophysical Year Expedition I (Britain) 1955-56 South Georgia Survey [III] 1955-58 Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition [Crossing Party] 1956 South Georgia 1956-57 Argentine expedition 1956-57 Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions 1956-57 British Royal cruise 1956-57 British naval voyage 1956-57 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1956-57 Japanese fisheries voyage 1956-57 Norwegian Antarctic Expedition (1956-60) 1956-57 Royal Society International Geophysical Year Expedition II (Britain) 1956-57 South Georgia Survey [IV] (Britain) 1957 Winter stations 1957-58 Argentine expedition 1957-58 British naval voyage 1957-58 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1957-58 Norwegian Antarctic Expedition (1956-60) 1957-58 Soviet Union whaling voyage 1957-59 South Georgia 1958 Argentine Navy [Armada Argentina] 1958 South Georgia 1958 United States and Argentine oceanographic voyage 1958-59 Argentine expedition 1958-59 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1958-59 South Georgia Biological Expedition (Britain) 1959 South Georgia 1959-60 British naval voyage 1959-60 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1959-60 Norwegian fisheries expedition 1959-69 South Georgia 1960-61 British naval voyage 1960-61 British naval voyage 1960-61 British naval mountaineering expedition 1960-61 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (Britain) 1961 South Georgia 1961 South Georgia 1961 United States Antarctic Research Program 1961-62 British naval voyage 1961-62 Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey / British Antarctic Survey 1961-62 Japanese fisheries voyage 1961-62 South African National Antarctic Expedition 1962 South Sandwich Islands 1962 British Antarctic Territory 1962 United States Antarctic Research Program 1962-63 South Georgia 1962-63 British Antarctic Survey 1962-63 British naval voyage 1962-63 United States Antarctic Research Program 1962-64 United States Antarctic Research Program, Bird Island expedition 1963 South Georgia 1963-64 Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions 1963-64 British Antarctic Survey 1963-64 British naval voyage 1964 South Georgia 1964 South Georgia 1964-65 British Antarctic Survey 1964-65 British naval voyage 1964-65 British Joint Services Expedition to South Georgia 1965-66 British Antarctic Survey 1965-66 United States Antarctic Research Program 1966 South Georgia 1966-67 British Antarctic Survey 1966-67 British naval voyage 1966-67 British yacht cruise 1966-67 Japanese fisheries voyage 1967-68 British Antarctic Survey 1967-68 British botanical expedition 1967-68 British naval voyage 1967-69 British and United States Geodetic Satellite Survey 1968 Bahamas whaling voyage 1968 South Georgia 1968-69 British Antarctic Survey 1968-69 British naval voyage 1969 South Georgia 1969-70 British Antarctic Survey 1969-70 British naval voyage 1970 Tourist cruises 1970-71 Milton W. Weller 1970-71 British Antarctic Survey 1970-71 Soviet Antarctic Expedition (SAE 16: 1970-72) 1970-72 French yacht cruise (from La Rochelle) 1971-72 British Antarctic Survey 1971-72 British geophysics voyage 1971-72 British naval voyage 1971-72 Soviet Antarctic Expedition (SAE 17: 1971-73) 1972 Tourist cruise 1972 Soviet Union Antarctic Fishing Fleet 1972-73 British Antarctic Survey 1972-73 British naval voyage 1972-73 French yacht cruise (from La Rochelle) 1973 South Georgia 1973-74 British Antarctic Survey 1973-74 British geophysics voyage 1973-74 British naval voyage 1973-74 Italian yacht cruise (from Anzio) 1974-75 British Antarctic Survey 1974-75 British naval voyage 1974-75 Tourist cruises 1975 Falkland Islands Dependencies Government 1975-76 British Antarctic Survey 1975-76 British geophysics voyage 1975-76 British naval voyage 1975-76 German (BRD) fisheries voyage 1975-76 Tourist cruises 1976 Economic Survey of the Falkland Islands and Dependencies 1976-77 Argentine expedition 1976-77 British Antarctic Survey 1976-77 British naval voyage 1976-77 Tourist cruise 1977-78 Argentine expedition 1977-78 British Antarctic Survey 1977-78 British naval voyage 1977-78 German (BRD) fisheries voyage 1977-78 German (DDR) fisheries voyage 1977-78 Japanese krill catching voyage 1977-78 Polish fisheries voyage 1977-79 French yacht cruise 1978 South African naval voyage (from Simon's Town) 1978-79 Argentine expedition 1978-79 British Antarctic Survey 1978-79 British naval voyage 1978-79 Yacht cruises 1979 South Georgia 1979-80 Argentine expedition 1979-80 British Antarctic Survey 1979-80 British naval voyage 1979-80 German (BRD) expeditions 1979-80 North Coast of South Georgia Expedition (Britain) 1979-80 Tourist cruises 1979-80 Yacht cruises 1980 British Antarctic Survey 1980 Argentine flight 1980 German (DDR) fisheries voyage 1980-81 Argentine expedition 1980-81 British Antarctic Survey 1980-81 British geophysics voyage 1980-81 British naval voyage 1980-81 German (BRD) expeditions 1980-81 United States Antarctic Program 1980-81 Tourist cruises 1980-81 Yacht cruises 1980-82 French yacht cruise 1981 Argentine flight 1981-82 British Broadcasting Corporation 1981-82 Argentine expedition 1981-82 British Antarctic Survey 1981-82 British naval voyage 1981-82 British Joint Services Expedition to South Georgia 1981-82 British expedition 1981-82 Soviet Antarctic Expedition 1981-82 Tourist cruises 1981-82 Yacht cruises 1982 Yacht cruises 1982 Argentine naval operation 1982 Argentine invasion of South Georgia 1982 British naval operation ('Operation Paraquat') 1982 British naval operation ('Operation Matchstick') 1982 Economic Survey of the Falkland Islands and Dependencies 1982-83 British Antarctic Survey 1982-83 British naval operations 1982-83 German (BRD) expedition 1982-83 South African National Antarctic Expedition 1982-83 Tourist cruises 1982-83 Yacht cruises 1983 South Georgia 1983 British naval operation 1983-84 British Antarctic Survey 1983-84 British naval voyage 1983-84 South African National Antarctic Expedition 1983-84 Soviet Antarctic Expedition (SAE 29: 1983-85) 1983-84 United States Antarctic Program 1983-84 Tourist cruises 1983-84 Yacht cruises 1984 South Georgia 1984 British naval voyage 1984 New Zealand expedition 1984-85 British Antarctic Survey 1984-85 British naval voyage 1984-85 Tourist cruises 1984-86 New Zealand yacht cruise 1985 South Georgia 1985 Falkland Islands and Dependencies 1985 South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Gazette 1985 British services expedition 1985-86 British Antarctic Survey 1985-86 British naval voyage 1985-86 Soviet Union fisheries voyage 1985-86 Tourist cruises 1985-86 Yacht cruises 1985-88 French yacht cruise 1986 South Georgia 1986 South Georgia 1986 Swedish expedition 1986-87 British Antarctic Survey 1986-87 Netherlands expedition 1986-87 Polish and United States oceanographic voyage 1986-87 Soviet Union fisheries voyage 1986-87 Spanish fisheries expedition 1986-87 Tourist cruises 1986-87 Yacht cruises 1987 South Georgia 1987-88 British Antarctic Survey 1987-88 British naval voyage 1987-88 United States oceanographic voyage 1987-88 Tourist cruises 1987-88 Yacht cruises 1988 South Georgia 1988-89 British Antarctic Survey 1988-89 British naval voyage 1988-89 Polish and British oceanographic voyage 1988-89 United States oceanographic voyage 1988-89 Tourist cruises 1989 South Georgia 1989 South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands 1989-90 British Antarctic Survey 1989-90 British naval voyage 1989-90 Norwegian South Georgian expeditions 1989-90 British expedition (Britain) 1989-90 Tourist cruises 1990 South Georgia 1990 South African voyage 1990-91 British Antarctic Survey 1990-91 British naval voyage 1990-91 British operation 1990-91 'Greenpeace' expedition 1990-91 South African National Antarctic Expedition 1990-91 Tourist cruises 1990-91 Yacht cruises 1990-92 Yacht cruises 1991 South Georgia 1991 Royal Anglian Expedition (Britain) 1991-92 British Antarctic Survey 1991-92 British naval voyage 1991-92 Tourist cruises 1991-92 Yacht cruises 1992 South Georgia 1992 South Georgia 1992 British expedition 1992 United States fisheries voyage 1992-93 British Antarctic Survey 1992-93 British naval voyage 1992-93 Norwegian South Georgian expedition 1992-93 United States voyage 1992-93 Tourist cruises 1992-93 Yacht cruises 1992-2006 Yacht cruise 1993 South Georgia 1993 South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands 1993-94 British Antarctic Survey 1993-94 British naval voyage 1993-94 German expedition 1993-94 South African fisheries voyage 1993-94 South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands voyage 1993-94 Tourist cruises 1993-94 Recreational visits and adventurers 1993-94 Yacht cruises 1994 South Georgia 1994 South African naval voyage 1994-95 British Antarctic Survey 1994-95 British naval voyage 1994-95 German expedition 1994-95 South African National Antarctic Expedition 1994-95 United States oceanographic voyage 1994-95 Tourist cruises 1994-95 Yacht cruises 1995 South Georgia 1995-96 British Antarctic Survey 1995-96 British naval voyage 1995-96 Tourist cruises 1995-96 Yacht cruises 1996 South Georgia 1996-97 British Antarctic Survey 1996-97 British naval voyage 1996-97 Norwegian South Georgian expedition 1996-97 Tourist cruises 1996-97 Yacht cruises 1997 South Georgia 1997 South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands voyage 1997 United States voyage 1997-98 British Antarctic Survey 1997-98 British naval voyage 1997-98 Tourist cruises 1997-98 Yacht cruises 1998 South Georgia 1998 South African fisheries voyage 1998-99 British Antarctic Survey 1998-99 British naval voyage 1998-99 South African National Antarctic Expedition 1998-99 Tourist cruises 1998-99 Yacht cruises 1998-2001 Yacht cruise 1999 South Georgia 1999-2000 British Antarctic Survey 1999-2000 British naval voyage 1999-2000 Tourist cruises 1999-2000 Yacht cruises 2000 South Georgia 2000-01 British Antarctic Survey 2000-01 British naval voyage 2000-01 Tourist cruises 2000-01 Yacht cruises 2000-02 Yacht cruise 2001 South Georgia 2001-02 British Antarctic Survey 2001-02 British naval voyage 2001-02 Yacht cruises 2002 South Georgia 2002-03 British Antarctic Survey 2002-03 British naval voyage 2003 South Georgia 2003 Spanish mountaineering expedition 2003 South Georgia 2003 South Sandwich Islands 2003-04 British Antarctic Survey 2003-04 British naval voyage 2004 South Georgia 2004-05 British Antarctic Survey 2004-05 British naval voyage 2005 South Georgia 2005-06 British Antarctic Survey 2005-06 British naval voyage 2006 South Georgia 2006-07 British Antarctic Survey 2006-07 British naval voyage 2007 Winter stations 2007 South Georgia 2007-08 British Antarctic Survey 2007-08 British naval voyage 2007-08 South African National Antarctic Expedition 2008 South Georgia